How Do VPN Apps Work?

vpn on phone

Before delving into the inner workings of a VPN, it is a good idea to become acquainted with the fundamentals of what a VPN is and what it accomplishes.

What Is a VPN?

VPN is an abbreviation for “Virtual Private Network,” and it refers to the ability to establish a secure network connection when utilizing public networks. VPNs encrypt your internet traffic and conceal your identity online.

Then there’s encryption, which is the secret. A VPN preserves your online privacy by encrypting your IP address and all of your web activity. It conceals your location and your personal information. It encrypts everything you do online in unreadable code, allowing you to surf anonymously. This makes it more difficult for third parties to follow your internet activities and steal information.

VPN Apps and How They Work

A VPN conceals your IP address by routing it through a specially configured distant server maintained by a VPN host. This implies that if you use a VPN to access the web, the VPN server becomes the source of your data.

This means that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) and other third parties will not be able to see the websites you visit or the data you transmit and receive online. A VPN acts as a filter, converting all of your data into “gibberish.” Even if someone were to obtain your data, it would be worthless.

VPN service concept. Communication between digital devices.

The different VPN Varieties

The type of software you use will determine how much or how little your VPN impacts your device.

Many VPNs will function directly with an operating system’s settings to safeguard any program that connects to the internet.

Standalone VPN Services

This is the form of VPN that is most widely used by homes and small enterprises, and it is the one that Namecheap provides. It employs a program that establishes an encrypted connection to the private network, which you can then use to access to the internet in general.

Browser extension Add-ons

Some VPNs function as browser extensions. There are several add-ons available for browsers such as Google Chrome and Firefox, and Opera includes a built-in VPN. The disadvantage of this is that your data will be safeguarded only when you use that browser. Other apps will not be safeguarded. Furthermore, browser VPNs are more insecure, and IP leaks might occur.

If you do decide to use a browser add-on or extension, stick to reliable providers that also provide other VPN services.

VPN Router

A VPN-enabled router is another option for setting up a VPN. This is perfect if you want to secure several devices because it will cover every device connected to the router, saving you from having to install the VPN separately. Furthermore, you will only need to sign in once; your router will remain connected to your VPN at all times.

It’s not as tough as you would think to connect your router to a VPN. To begin, you’ll need to sign up for a VPN subscription, followed by a router. The most easy router to purchase is one that is built to enable VPNs straight immediately, without requiring you to do anything more complicated than input your VPN credentials. These routers are often slightly more costly than standard routers.

VPN for business

For workers who work remotely, organizations frequently deploy a remote-access VPN. Employees may safely access the company’s private intranet over this VPN, generally by utilizing a password and an app. This is a one-of-a-kind solution that necessitates customised development and extensive IT resources.

What are the advantages of using a VPN connection?

Filling in your password online

A VPN connection masks your internet data transmission and protects it from eavesdropping. Anyone with network access and a desire to read unencrypted data can do so. Hackers and cyber thieves are unable to decode this data while using a VPN.

Encryption that is secure

An encryption key is required to read the data. Without one, it would take a computer millions of years to decrypt the code in the case of a brute force attack. Even on public networks, your online activity can be disguised with the aid of a VPN.

Disguising your location

VPN servers effectively operate as proxies for you on the internet. Your exact location cannot be established since the demographic location data is obtained from a server in another nation. The majority of VPN providers do not keep logs of your actions. Some providers, on the other hand, record your activity but do not share it with third parties. This implies that any potential record of your user activity is forever hidden.

Access to regional web material

Regional web content is not always available from all locations. Services and websites frequently contain content that is only available in particular regions of the world. To establish your location, standard connections use local servers in the nation. This means you can’t access content from your own country while abroad, and you can’t access foreign content from your home country. With VPN location spoofing, you may essentially “alter” your location by connecting to a server in another country.

Secure data transfer

If you work from home, you may need to access critical files on your company’s network. This type of information necessitates a secure connection for security reasons. A VPN connection is frequently necessary to obtain network access. To limit the danger of data leaking, VPN services connect to private servers and utilize encryption technologies.

Surfing the web safely on public networks

Using a public Wi-Fi network may be quite dangerous. Other network users can simply access your data and personal information. If you don’t want anyone to have access to your email login, images/files, or payment card information, you might consider using a VPN connection.

While using a public Wi-Fi network, the VPN encrypts all of your data. A hacker will only be able to read encrypted data and will not be able to see or use your personal information.

Censorship on the internet

The internet is extensively censored in several countries, including China, Turkey, Russia, and Iran. Certain internet services and websites are blocked in these countries. WhatsApp, Google, Instagram, YouTube, Skype, Spotify, and Facebook are some of the apps and websites that are frequently restricted.

Furthermore, news websites and journalist platforms are frequently restricted because they are perceived as a danger to the current government. Censorship has a significant influence on citizens’ freedom of expression in these countries.

By connecting to a server in another country, a VPN can let you avoid censorship and limitations. By doing so, you may access the internet as if you were in that other nation. You can use this method to acquire access to websites and services that are not available in your home country.

How to Setup a VPN Connection on Your Phone

hand using wi-fi internet on computer, reading email, online banking service

As previously stated, VPN connections are also available for Android devices and iPhones. Fortunately, smartphone VPN services are simple to use and usually contain the following features:

  • Typically, the installation procedure just downloads one program from the iOS App Store or the Google Play Store. Although there are free VPN services, when it comes to security, it is best to go with a professional provider.
  • Because the default settings are already primarily built for the normal smartphone user, the setup is incredibly user-friendly. Simply use your account to log in.
  • For many VPN programs, turning on the VPN is as simple as flipping a light switch. The option is most likely to be found straight on the home screen.
  • Advanced configuration is offered for users that want a greater level of data security. You may also choose another protocol for your encryption technique depending on your VPN. Your app may also provide diagnostics and other features. Learn about these characteristics before subscribing to pick the best VPN for your requirements.
  • To begin browsing the internet safely from now on, simply activate the VPN connection using the app.

How Do You Pick the Best VPN?

When determining which VPN is best for you, there are several crucial considerations to consider:

  1. Encryption tools and protocols: A VPN must utilize strong encryption techniques and protocols to ensure your privacy. Look for firms that employ military-grade AES-256 encryption. Furthermore, OpenVPN is the gold standard among VPN protocols and provides the finest security.
  2. Privacy policy: No amount of encryption will keep your data private if a VPN knowingly gives that information to government agents. Before you join up for anything, you should always read the company’s privacy policies. At the very least, they should state unequivocally that they will not disclose your personal information to anyone.
  3. Location: The location of a VPN can have a significant impact on its ability to implement its privacy policy. Companies based in Five Eyes, Nine Eyes, or 14 Eyes nations are susceptible to government monitoring and must turn over records when subpoenaed by US law enforcement.
  4. Kill switches: If you lose your connection, your VPN should be able to automatically shut down your browsers and programs.
  5. Multi-hop technology: Many of the finest VPNs pass your internet information via at least two different servers, encrypting it multiple times for further protection.
  6. Split tunneling: Another handy function provided by certain VPNs is split tunneling, which allows you to connect to both the public internet and a VPN at the same time.
  7. Torrenting support: Some VPNs allow you to connect to torrenting programs and software with ease. If you like streaming, you should look into whether VPNs allow you to access content libraries in different countries.
  8. Speed: While any VPN may slow down your devices to some level, search for software that will slow them down as little as possible. Comparing ping, upload, and download speeds on a device running a VPN to the same device when it isn’t running the VPN is one technique to test speeds.
  9. Price: Prices for VPN services vary greatly, with some even giving free access. Furthermore, many businesses provide substantial savings when you sign long-term contracts. The most affordable VPNs cost approximately $4 per month, with the most costly VPNs costing up to $15 per month. Aside from the price, think about what you’re receiving for your money.

Three Excellent VPN Service Providers for Newcomers



ExpressVPN is one of the best VPN services available. They provide thousands of fast and dependable servers, applications for all devices, and exceptional customer support. This VPN is also compatible with Netflix, allowing you to unblock all of your favorite shows. ExpressVPN offers a 30-day money-back guarantee, allowing you to test it out before committing to a longer membership.

ExpressVPN strives to provide the greatest quality possible, but this comes at a cost.


NordVPN is a second VPN service that we suggest. Its reliable and trustworthy service provides a high level of security. Its software is both stylish and simple to use. NordVPN is somewhat slower than ExpressVPN due to its strong levels of security, but it still a very decent alternative. They are reasonably priced for the quality they provide. Furthermore, the programs are easy to use and well-structured.

NordVPN also provides more complex features. These are useful if you’ve been accustomed to VPNs and are searching for special features to assist you.

NordVPN also provides two VPN connections for further privacy and security, as well as a 30-day money-back guarantee.



The primary distinction between Surfshark and many other VPN services, such as ExpressVPN, is that Surfshark is significantly less expensive. Surfshark‘s VPN software is extremely user-friendly. With a few clicks, you’ll have it installed and connected to the ideal VPN-server. 

The VPN will then allow you to surf while using a different IP address, allowing you to watch one of the many different local Netflix libraries.

Surfshark provides a plethora of additional options in addition to their normal VPN service.

Questions and Answers

What is the cost of a VPN?

There is a significant pricing variation between VPN companies. As a result, providing a clear response to this issue is challenging. However, when it comes to the better VPN companies, most VPNs will cost between $2 and $7 per month if you enroll for a longer length of time. However, the most well-known VPN companies sometimes charge roughly $12 per month.

Is it possible to be tracked online when using a VPN?

The purpose of a VPN is to keep you from being traced while you’re online. The term “virtual private network” implies that your connection is intended to be private. Furthermore, a VPN is intended to encrypt both your IP address and your web activity within a secure tunnel. The VPN, on the other hand, could see what you were doing. After all, it has access to all of the technologies used to encrypt your data. However, reliable VPNs ensure that they will not track or record your online activities.

Will a VPN cause my connection to slow?

Every VPN, to some extent, hinders your internet connection. The encryption procedure consumes device resources. When you use a VPN, your device will often slow down in three areas: ping times, download times, and upload times. The easiest approach to assess your VPN’s speeds is to compare them while the VPN is active vs when it is not.

VPNs are they legal?

VPNs are completely legal in the United States. Having said that, it is absolutely feasible to engage in illicit activities while utilizing a VPN. Downloading copyrighted material through torrent, for example, is unlawful, and while a VPN should mask your identity while you’re doing so, the conduct remains illegal. Furthermore, VPNs are outlawed in a number of nations, including:

  • China
  • Russia
  • Iran
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Oman
  • Turkey
  • Iraq
  • Turkmenistan


A VPN connection creates a secure link between you and the internet. All of your data traffic is sent through an encrypted virtual tunnel when you use a VPN. When you access the internet, this masks your IP address, making its location opaque to everyone. A VPN connection is also safe from outside threats. This is due to the fact that only you have access to the data in the encrypted tunnel. It enables you to access regionally prohibited material from any location on the planet.

There are several VPN providers that connect to cellphones, allowing mobile data traffic to remain anonymous. Certified providers can be found on the Google Play Store or the iOS App Store. However, keep in mind that utilizing a VPN merely anonymizes and protects your internet data transmission. The VPN connection does not safeguard you against hacker assaults, Trojans, viruses, or other malware. As a result, you should use an extra reliable anti-virus program.